Sensitivity Analyses in Small Break LOCA with HPI-Failure: Effect of Break-Size in Secondary-Side Depressurization
1 Institute of Nuclear Safety System, Inc.,, 64 Sata, Mihama-cho, Mikata-gun, Fukui, 919-1205, Japan
2 MHI Nuclear Engineering Co., Ltd., 3-3-1 Minatomirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama-city, Kanagawa, 220-8401, Japan
In the case of total failure of the high pressure injection (HPI) system following small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA) in pressurized water reactor (PWR), the break size is so small that the primary system does not depressurize to the accumulator (ACC) injection pressure before the core is uncovered extensively. Therefore, steam generator (SG) secondary-side depressurization is necessary as an accident management in order to grant accumulator system actuation and core reflood. A thermal-hydraulic analysis using RELAP5/MOD3 was made on SBLOCA with HPI-failure for Oi Units 3/4 operated by Kansai Electoric Power Co., which are conventional 4 loop PWR plants. The effectiveness of SG secondary-side depressurization procedure was investigated for the real plant design and operational characteristics. The sensitivity analyses using RELAP5/MOD3.2 showed that the accident management was effective for a wide range of break sizes, various orientations and positions. The critical break can be 3 inch cold-leg bottom break.
Key words: small break LOCA / HPI failure / secondary-side depressurization / break size / RELAP5
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014