Extensions of the MCNP5 and TRIPOLI4 Monte Carlo Codes for Transient Reactor Analysis
1 Delft Nuclear Consultancy, IJsselzoom 2, 2902 LB Capelle aan den IJssel, The Netherlands
2 Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft, The Netherlands
* Corresponding Author, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
To simulate reactor transients for safety analysis with the Monte Carlo method the generation and decay of delayed neutron precursors is implemented in the MCNP5 and TRIPOLI4 general purpose Monte Carlo codes. Important new variance reduction techniques like forced decay of precursors in each time interval and the branchless collision method are included to obtain reasonable statistics for the power production per time interval.
For simulation of practical reactor transients also the feedback effect from the thermal-hydraulics must be included. This requires coupling of the Monte Carlo code with a thermal-hydraulics (TH) code, providing the temperature distribution in the reactor, which affects the neutron transport via the cross section data. The TH code also provides the coolant density distribution in the reactor, directly influencing the neutron transport. Different techniques for this coupling are discussed.
As a demonstration a 3x3 mini fuel assembly with a moving control rod is considered for MCNP5 and a mini core existing of 3x3 PWR fuel assemblies with control rods and burnable poisons for TRIPOLI4. Results are shown for reactor transients due to control rod movement or withdrawal. The TRIPOLI4 transient calculation is started at low power and includes thermal-hydraulic feedback. The power rises about 10 decades and finally stabilises the reactor power at a much higher level than initial. The examples demonstrate that the modified Monte Carlo codes are capable of performing correct transient calculations, taking into account all geometrical and cross section detail.
Key words: Monte Carlo / MCNP5 / TRIPOLI4 / transient / precursors / thermal-hydraulics
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014