Optimization of geometry, material and economic parameters of a two-zone subcritical reactor for transmutation of nuclear waste with SERPENT Monte Carlo code
University of Tartu, Institute of Physics, Tähe 4-415, Tartu, Estonia
* Corresponding Author: E-mail: Gulik@ut.ee
An optimization study of a subcritical two-zone homogeneous reactor was carried out, taking into consideration geometry, material, and economic parameters. The advantage of a two-zone subcritical system over a single-zone system is demonstrated. The study investigated the optimal volume ratio for the inner and outer zones of the subcritical reactor, in terms of the neutron-physical parameters as well as fuel cost. Optimal geometrical parameters of the system are suggested for different material compositions.
Key words: Subcritical system / ADS / Nuclear Waste Transmutation / Optimization
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014